Computer Vision News - May 2024

19 Computer Vision News Vision-aided Screw Theory-based… examples (called training datasets) to a neural network. The neural network uses these training examples to learn new features that are hard to handcraft. One good example is the YOLO (You only look once) pipeline, which can be trained to detect virtually any object, including cars, pedestrians, animals, and so on. In fact, YOLO itself has so many versions that each version surpasses its predecessor in accuracy and speed. 3Summary These lesson series presented a comprehensive guide on implementing vision-aided screw theory based inverse kinematics control for a robot arm using ROS2. Starting with an introduction to screw theory and its application in robotic inverse kinematics, these lessons detailed the setup and configuration process for the hardware and software including the robot arm, the vision kit, ROS2, RViz, and Python-ROS API. The core of the discussion revolved around the development and implementation of numerical inverse kinematics solutions. Using the Newton-Raphson iterative method, we described a systematic approach to solving the inverse kinematics problem, providing clear algorithms and code examples. Furthermore, the lessons delved into the integration of vision systems with ROS2 to enable object detection and manipulation tasks. By capturing the AprilTag attached to the robot’s arm, the system calculated the transformation between the robot’s base frame and the camera, facilitating the conversion of camera depth readings into homogeneous transformations. This process allows for the precise manipulation of objects based on visual feedback. Several possible challenges, such as object detection reliance on color and visibility issues of AprilTag, are discussed, alongside solutions and best practices for troubleshooting and optimization. The lessons concluded by highlighting the limitations of traditional perception methods and the potential of deep learning techniques, specifically mentioning the YOLO pipeline for enhanced robotic vision. References: see here